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پیرامون نظریه بازی ها
 
پیرامون نظریه بازی ها
 
 
about Game theory
 
امروز که تقریبا یک هفته از تایید صلاحیت من برای چهارمین دوره انتخابات شورای شهر مشهد می گذرد توانسته ام با تمرکز بیشتری به موضوع  نظریه بازی ها  و انتخابات بپردازم . پاره ای از برداشت های  خودم و برداشت های دوستان و افرادی که با من ملاقات داشته اند را جمع بندی کرده ام . نتایج بررسی من به روی عوامل برد و باخت  در فاصله ۱۷ روز تا انتخابات  در این پست به طور خلاصه جمع بندی خواهد شد:
 |+| نوشته شده در  Mon 27 May 2013ساعت 10:45 PM  توسط افشین حقیقی  | 

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 |+| نوشته شده در  Mon 27 May 2013ساعت 10:32 PM  توسط افشین حقیقی  | 

Game theory

Game theory is the study of interactive decision making--that is, in situations where each person's action affects the outcome for the whole group.

Welcome to the archive of "Game Theory Tuesday" articles. These articles are free to use for classroom discussions (I only ask you credit this site by adding a link from your homepage). If you have suggestions or comments, please email me. Thanks!

You can get my weekly game theory posts in the following RSS feed: http://feeds.feedburner.com/MindYourDecisionsGameTheory. This is a subset of the RSS feed for the entire website which contains all of my posts: http://feedproxy.google.com/mindyourdecisions

Sub-categories: Business | Law | Life | Threats | Auctions



List of last 50 game theory articles

Game Theory Links 5-24-13
Book of interest: Jane Austen, Game Theorist. Thanks to Ian for emailing this to me. In 230 diagram-heavy pages, Mr. Chwe argues that Austen isn’t merely fodder for game-theoretical analysis, but an unacknowledged founder of the discipline itself: a kind of Empire-waisted version of the mathematician and cold war thinker John ...


Why would you give a 5-star review on Amazon for a product you hate?
In March 2013, EA released the latest game in the popular SimCity series. But they had a lot of technical issues, and many people who bought the game couldn't even play it for days. It was a complete disaster and EA quickly apologized by offering a free game. But that didn't ...


Game Theory Links (5-17-13)
These are some interesting game theory articles I've come across recently. If you come across a good article, please let me know and I'll possibly include it another week. UCLA professor allows students to cheat on game theory exam via KCRW blogs A week before the test, I told my class that ...


Why Your Boss Takes Credit for Your Work, and 3 Ways to Fight Back
My friend spent the entire weekend writing a 10-page detailed report. He sent it off to his boss for review on Sunday night. When he came into the office on Monday, the boss had already emailed it to everyone, without crediting my friend, and basically claiming the work was all ...


Strategy session: how would you steal $45 million from A.T.M’s in just a few hours?
(I saw this news story and felt like sharing my thoughts. This is part of a small blog change to post about topical and interesting stories). From the NY Times: It was a huge bank heist – but a 21st-century version in which the robbers never wore ski masks, threatened a teller ...


Game theory of breaking news
Imagine a shocking story hits the AP Twitter account, reporting there was an explosion at the White House. Is the story true? Should you trade on that information? You only have seconds to react. While the story comes from a credible source, you know that credible sources can get hacked. You want confirmation ...


What are the chances of meeting in a tournament?
Alice and Bob enter into a rock, paper, and scissors tournament with 2n players. What is the probability the two will face off in a match? (Assume the initial tournament bracket pairs are chosen randomly and every player has an equal chance of winning a particular match.)


The voting problem with splitting the bill
This is an excerpt from my eBook But I only got the soup! Consider a group of four people where people ordered items costing $10, $15, $15, and $20. The total cost is $60. After the tax of 10 percent is included, the bill becomes $66. With a 15 percent tip, ...


Bleg: does this Nim-type game have a solution?
I got an email describing a neat game. I have a request: does anyone know if it has a solution? Here is the game: I really enjoyed reading your blog post on the Race to 50 Nim-type game. I have for many years known about another Nim-type game, but have never been able ...


The strategizing brain game theory [Video]
This is a very interesting TED talk about game theory by Professor Colin Camerer. TED: Colin Camerer: Neuroscience, game theory, monkeys Some things: 1. First there is a discussion of the p-beauty game (which I've written about before here). 2. The next experiment is about something like the ultimatum game with an analysis of ...


Another bleg: does this combinatorial game have a solution?
I received another request about an interesting combinatorial game. Any thoughts would be appreciated. Here is the email I got. I recently designed a combinatorial game (sequential game of perfect information) with an infinite branching factor, that is it has a game-tree of infinite width. I'm wondering how is it possible to solve this game? ...


Game Theory in Arrested Development (Seasons 1 to 3)
This is the story of a wealthy family who lost everything, and the one son who had no choice but to keep them all together. This is Arrested Development. I am excited for season 4 of Arrested Development, to be released May 26 on Netflix. In preparation, I watched some of ...


How a Supreme Court ruling might change the textbook game
The same textbook that sells for $100 in America might sell for $10 abroad. Several years ago, a student profited by importing cheap textbooks from Thailand and re-selling them in America, earning over $1 million. Was what the student did legal? Publishing companies argued it was not, and they sued him ...


The possible self-defeating nature of traffic news
Traffic is a complicated beast, depending on weather conditions, the intentions of millions of drivers, the time of day, and the effect of freak accidents. Trying to make the roads faster is frustratingly difficult. Even logical things like building more roads can counter-intuitively make traffic worse, a phenomenon known as ...


Modified rock, paper, scissors
Rock-paper-scissors (RPS) is a fair game. Since each choice has an equal strength and weakness--rock is beaten by paper, paper is cut by scissors, and scissors are smashed by rock--the correct way to play is to randomize equally over all three choices. Neither player can gain an edge, and if ...


There is no “I” in “the market”
Investment education is sometimes stupidly self-centered. In school, teachers explained how I could make money in the stock market. In books, authors wrote how I should invest regularly for retirement. In person, a money manager told me how I could diversify and reduce my risk. But all these people forgot a ...


Asymmetric matching pennies: is the game fair?
Matching pennies is a simple game. Two players have coins and simultaneously show "heads" or "tails." If the two coins match, then player A gets $1 from player B. Otherwise, player B wins $1 from player A. In other words, the payout of the game, from player A's perspective is: Matching ...


Game theory in House of Cards U.S. version (spoilers)
I've enjoyed watching the first season of the U.S. version of House of Cards, a Netflix original show. The show is a political drama that follows the ambitions of Congressman Francis Underwood, portrayed by Kevin Spacey. Congressman Frank Underwood is a cunning politician and his career is based on strategy and ...


A nice ebook – The Game Theory by Uri Bram
Why do guys in a romantic comedy always make a big scene to win the girl back? And why might does the strategy work? Are men or women more promiscuous, or is it possible that both groups are equally guilty? Why do people give gifts if they are so economically wasteful? These are ...


The Getty kidnapping game theory
Strategic thinking is a fine tool for analyzing business, legal, social, entertainment, and some military matters. But when push comes to shove, would I stake my life on game theory? Would I stake my family's life on it? One must be careful when applying theory. Models try to capture reality, but ...


Nuclear Chicken Collusion – interview with Jeffrey Mensch
I recently learned of an excellent blog on game theory, appropriately called Nuclear Chicken Collusion. The blog is written by Jeffrey Mensch and Marli Wang who are self-described "game theory enthusiasts who met as undergraduate students in the mathematics department at Princeton University." What I love is the blog goes much ...


Nuclear Chicken Collusion – interview with Marli Wang
I recently learned of an excellent blog on game theory, appropriately called Nuclear Chicken Collusion. The blog is written by Jeffrey Mensch and Marli Wang who are self-described "game theory enthusiasts who met as undergraduate students in the mathematics department at Princeton University." What I love is the blog goes much ...


50 Stones – a fun puzzle game on Google Play
I got an email from Christopher Rozmus about a logic game that he developed. The game is on the Google play market and it is called 50 stones (free version). Here is how the game is played: There are two players competing. At the beginning they both have their own piles of 50 ...


Dice game: race to 50 [Video]
This is a fun game I saw on the Youtube channel scamschool which features interesting tricks and pranks. Here are the rules of the game: We are going to have a race to the number 50. Alright, here are the rules. You guys get a die and I get a die. We are ...


Southwest Airlines boarding and game theory
Southwest Airlines is unique in its boarding process. Rather than providing assigned seats, Southwest has a policy of "open-seating." This means during the boarding process that travelers are free to sit in any seats that are available. As an aside, people have a love/hate relationship with open-seating. The bad part is ...


Gaming a final exam grade
This is a story that got some decent coverage last week. A professor at Johns Hopkins University had a grading curve that he felt would ensure fairness and consistency. The scheme was roughly as follows. The highest score on an exam would be counted as an A, and every remaining score would ...


When a dumb strategy trumps a “smart” one
I enjoyed How We Decide by Jonah Lehrer. Although I was familiar with many of the decision biases and behavioral economics results, the author's writing style is lively and the book was still a delightful read. The theme of the book is to explore the neuroscience behind why we make decisions: ...


The danger of over-gifting
In the 2005 film Waiting, there's a scene that illustrates the complexity of gifting. The diner and server had both attended the same high school, but the diner ended up in a nice job that pays well. At the end of the meal, the diner pays off his bill and ...


The game theory of being a lover versus a fighter–example from The Science of Love
The game theory of being a lover vs a fighter--example from The Science of Love The book The Science of Love by Robin Dunbar is a fun read full with trivia about the biological explanations for relationships. For me the most interesting part was Chapter 8: Sleeping with the Devil which ...


Dinner bill poker: an interesting way to split the bill
I've received some wonderful feedback on my eBook But I only got the soup! Thoughts on splitting the bill fairly. The most detailed reply indicated a unique way to split the bill, which the person learned while in the Navy. It offers skilled players a chance to pay a bit less ...


Face-up poker
You should not have won...I had the first move, my play was perfect...The game is flawed--John Nash after losing a game of Go in A Beautiful Mind Poker is both a game of skill and chance. You can do everything right and still end up losing all your money to a ...


Be careful with loyalty: why repeated play might encourage cheating
The Prisoner's Dilemma seems to offer an important lesson. If the game is played just once, most likely people will cheat. But if the game is repeated, there is a chance for trust to form and cooperation to prevail. The implication is that repeated interaction is the key ingredient to ...


Why the Vice President’s vote is nearly as powerful as any senator’s vote (in a game theory sense)
Let's be clear. I'm not saying the Vice President has as much influence. A senator has separate privileges and is responsible for constituent issues. At first it would seem a senator has more power. A senator gets a chance to vote on every bill whereas the VP only gets to cast ...


How would you play this game? A lesson in competition and cooperation
This is a wonderful example of how you can use game theory in a group activity. This exercise appeared in print over ten years ago, and yet the lesson is as relevant as ever. Its authors are two impressive physicians, Dr. Marcus and Dr. Dorn, both associated with the National Preparedness Leadership ...


Strategic ambiguity of language
For this Christmas post, I just want to offer a fun bit of trivia I found via reddit. The sentence "I never said she stole my money" can have 7 different meanings depending on which word you stress. The explicit meanings and possible explanation for why this evolved are below.


The strategy of suing for an irrational amount of money
Earlier this year, a mother in New York felt the city of West Brighton improperly took her children away by placing them in foster care for several years. How much harm did she think the city caused her? Was it on the order of thousands of dollars, millions, or even billions? No, ...


Why a pill that makes us smarter might be a dumb idea
(My apology for the late post. I made a typo and scheduled the post for noon instead of midnight). Imagine there's a magic pill that would improve your intelligence by 25 percent with no side effects. Would you take the pill? Most people would probably jump on this idea. And in fact, ...


The strategy of gift giving – 4 principles
I was complaining to my friend about compulsory gift-giving and its associated inefficiency, known to economists as the deadweight loss of Christmas. He countered that he actually loves the opportunity for gift-giving. Specifically, he was in charge of the company holiday gift, and time and again he was able to leverage ...


Taylor Swift game theory: Strategy in “We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together”
Lovelorn teens can relate. You're in an on-and-off again relationship with someone who promises to change but never does. Finally, you've had it and you call it off, permanently. You tell them, we won't get together tomorrow, the next week, the next month, the next year, the next decade, or the ...


What Charlie Brown can teach us about NBA contract negotiations: why players are probably smart to take the money
It is a classic problem. A team wants to retain its star player but it cannot afford to match offers from rivals. The star player is tempted to stay on the talented team to increase his chances of winning a championship, but he is unsure the owners will keep the ...


Rationality of War: ebook by William Spaniel and interview
Why do countries go to war? What negotiations or breakdowns of negotiation make war more possible? Does China's growing power necessarily mean it will go to war against the United States? These are just a few of the questions answered in the fascinating read The Rationality of War by William Spaniel. ...


Why using cash may not protect your privacy in the future–game theory
Cash has always been the currency for privacy, from bribes to drug deals to prostitution. Law abiding citizens too find comfort in cash, to say, avoid a paper trail from a bachelor party. There's a recent trend that might push more people towards cash and away from credit cards. Insurance companies ...


Why are some animals monogamous while others are polygamous? A game theory explanation
I'm learning a lot from Red Queen: Sex and the Evolution of Human Nature. The book is excellently written and researched and I highly recommend it. Before I get into the game theory example, I want to offer a bit of setup. The book builds up slowly with many biological examples ...


Halloween candy auction game theory
The eldest brother Charlie escorts his two younger siblings Alice and Bob for trick-or-treat. Since he has to go anyway, he figures he might as well collect some candy. At the end of the night, Charlie finds he has 100 pieces of equally valued candy. But he realizes he is too ...


Why are McDonald’s and Burger King usually located near each other? Fast food location game theory
I'm not in the restaurant business, I'm in the real estate business--Ray Kroc, founder of McDonald's America is the land of choice. If you want a fast food burger, you don't have to settle for McDonald's or Burger King. You get to choose: for where there is a McDonald's, there is ...


Why pop music sucks and bars are too loud, game theory
Does today's pop music seem too loud and sound all the same? Do you have trouble hearing people in restaurant and bars? These phenomena are well known, but what is the motivation and cause for them? Below I give a game theory analogy that explains the behavior.


Computer malware game theory
In 2008, it was far more likely that a virus or malware would target a PC rather than a Mac. This was partly due to Mac's having a more sophisticated user base and a more secure operating system. The principal reason, however, had to do with economics. So long as PCs ...


Why wearing designer clothes is a smart game theory move
Clothes make the man. Naked people have little or no influence on society--Mark Twain I am fine wearing cheap and comfortable clothes. I don't feel the need to spend to impress. In a way, these are foolish thoughts. Game theory indicates that one cannot make decisions in isolation. One must consider the ...


The thieving executive paradox (aka game theory in Mad Men Season 5, spoilers)
This is a re-mixed version of the Doctrinal Paradox in terms of the Season 5 finale of Mad Men. Be warned: don't read this if you want to avoid spoilers! Still with me? Cool, keep reading


Game theory applied: how Softsoap outsmarted the competition
Today the brand Softsoap is a common household name. But in the 1980s it was just a small entrant facing the giants of Proctor and Gamble, Lever Brothers, and Colgate-Palmolive. How did a small company enter the market and beat out its rivals who could easily imitate the product? Softsoap had some ...

 |+| نوشته شده در  Mon 27 May 2013ساعت 10:19 PM  توسط افشین حقیقی  | 
صلاحیت ام برای نامزدی شورای شهر مشهد تایید شد.
 |+| نوشته شده در  Sat 18 May 2013ساعت 7:19 PM  توسط افشین حقیقی  | 
www.me.utexas.edu/~jensen/ORMM/.../game_theory/game_thry.pdf۱

 

 |+| نوشته شده در  Tue 25 Dec 2012ساعت 9:44 AM  توسط افشین حقیقی  | 
 
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